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High Diastolic Blood Pressure Causes

High Diastolic Blood Pressure Causes

The blood circulating inside our body exerts pressure on the walls of the blood vessels and this pressure is known as blood pressure. Blood pressure fluctuates between the systolic and diastolic beat. Diastolic pressure is the measurement of the heart beat when blood flows into the heart. The typical blood pressure ratio (e.g 140/90) denotes the systole (numerator) and the diastole (denominator). Thus, the minimum value stands for diastole and the maximum for systole. In this article we shall mainly deal with the reasons behind increase in the value of diastolic pressure. The instrument used to measure blood pressure is known as sphygmomanometer. When the readings go beyond normal (80-90 mm/Hg), a person is known to be suffering from high blood pressure. High diastolic blood pressure causes are mostly associated with unhealthy lifestyle and bad eating habits. The following content will elaborate in this matter.

High Diastolic Blood Pressure: Causes

Our blood pressure fluctuates in between muscle contractions. Abnormal blood pressure readings are indications of underlying heart disorders. The causes of high diastolic blood pressure readings are illustrated in the text written below.

One of the main reasons for high blood pressure is diabetes (both type 1 and type 2). Presence of high levels of sugar inside the body gives rise to further complications associated with kidney and liver. Chances of heat attack is also high for diabetic people.

The fats deposited inside the body of overweight people put additional tension on the arterial system of their body. This directly increases the rate of flow of blood, stepping up the blood pressure reading all of a sudden. People suffering from diabetes and obesity simultaneously show high reading of blood pressure that carrying greater risks of coronary diseases, like thrombosis.

Kidney Disease
Kidney disease is one of the primary reason behind secondary hypertension, affecting mostly old people. It causes renal artery stenosis. Atherosclerosis causes narrowing of renal arteries that causes high readings of blood pressure. Other types of kidney diseases that raises diastolic blood pressure are renal parenchymal disease and polycystic kidney disease.

How is your diet related with high diastolic blood pressure? Here's the explanation. High diastolic blood pressure causes associated with unhealthy diet is becoming more rampant among all age groups. Consumption of excessive carbohydrates not only increases the sugar level but also uplifts blood pressure. Trans fatty acids and saturated fatty acids cause deposition of cholesterol in the arteries. This leads to stiffening of arteries and increasing the levels of blood pressure.

Smoking and drinking are the worst addictions for human beings. Deposition of nicotine enhances the pace of heart beat while alcohol directly affects the nervous system of human beings. Smoking and drinking habits also grow to overcome diastolic hypertension. Finally it takes toll on the health.

People who are dependent on medications tend to have high diastolic blood pressure. Administration of corticosteroids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, oral contraceptives, decongestants increase the blood pressure at some point of time. Excessive intake of hypertension pills also have a reverse effect on body in the long run.

Disease History
People who have suffered heart attack earlier more often have a high readings of blood pressure. Thyroid disorders, adrenal tumors and Cushing syndrome show peak value of blood pressure readings. Coarctation of aorta is another disease responsible for high diastolic blood pressure. Thus presence of underlying disease can be detected from the values of readings.

High diastolic blood pressure symptoms at the initial stage can be detected by certain changes in the state of the body. A person will experience low energy, fatigue, dizziness, nausea, shortness of breath, restlessness, headaches and confusion. The signs and symptoms of high blood pressure become evident with respiratory troubles, left arm pain, chest pain and frequent urination. With this, chances of getting heart attacks, coronary heart diseases, aortic stenosis, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and pericardial diseases also increase. The dangers of high blood pressure can be controlled with proper treatment on immediate detection of the underlying disorders.

Now the question is how to lower diastolic blood pressure? High diastolic blood pressure treatment mainly deals with intake of appropriate medication of to bring down the readings. The treatments of high blood pressure determined by doctors must be followed regularly to avoid aggravation of symptoms. The causes associated with obesity, diet and diabetes are easily controlled with medications for a certain time period. Apart from the medications, one needs to chalk out a proper diet plan that will completely exclude tobacco and alcohol. In this context read about the high blood pressure diet plan. To lead a healthy life one must exercise regularly and lead a normal lifestyle devoid of unhealthy elements.

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